The amazing nature, great history, rich cultural heritage, unique cultural, ethnographic and linguistic diversity of Dagestan have always attracted many archaeologists, ethnographers, travelers from all over the world.
Dagestan occupies a special place in the Russian Federation in terms of the number and significance of cultural heritage objects. There are 6474 objects of cultural heritage (historical and cultural monuments) in the republic, of which 1994 objects of cultural heritage of federal significance and 4514 units of regional significance, including historical and architectural complexes and places of interest. On the territory of Dagestan there is one of the oldest cities of our country – Derbent, with the famous citadel fortress "Naryn-Kala" recognized by UNESCO as a monument of world significance. The legendary trade and caravan route, known in history as the "Great Silk Road", once passed through Derbent.